FAQ is to help provide information about the services that Christina
Clinic offers. If there is any further information we can provide
or to schedule a consultation please contact
Laser Hair Removal
Q- What is lasertrolysis?
A- Lasertrolysis is a method of removing
unwanted hair, utilizing laser energy targeted to the hair follicle
to cause thermal damage and prevent further hairs from growing.
It was invented by a team of laser dermatologists at the Wellman
Laboratories of Photomedicine at the Massachusetts General Hospital.
Q- How does the LightSheer diode system work?
A- The near-infrared laser light emitted
by the system is preferentially absorbed by the pigment located
in the hair follicle. The laser is pulsed, or turned on, for only
a fraction of a second. The duration of each pulse is just long
enough to damage the follicle, while the system's unique, patented
contact-cooling handpiece cools the skin during the laser energy
Q- Is the hair removal permanent?
A- Theoretically, damage to the hair follicle
can remove unwanted hair permanently, but because of the nature
of hair and the many factors that influence the growth of hair,
the results are variable. The effect of repeated treatments is cumulative.
In fact, most people experience long-term hair removal.
Q- Is it safe?
A- As with any medical treatment, use of
the LightSheer Diode System can have some side effects. However,
side effects have been minor and manageable in clinical use. The
precise laser parameters used for the LightSheer Diode System were
carefully defined by studying the anatomy of the hair follicle and
precisely matching the color of laser light and the pulse duration
to the size, depth, and location of the hair follicle. This research
has resulted in a safe technique that effectively eliminates the
risk of scarring and substantially reduces most other complications
Q- Is it painful?
A- No treatment to remove unwanted hair
is completely painless. The LightSheer Diode System is fast which
reduces treatment time. It provides long-lasting hair removal, reducing
the need for repeated treatment. The cooling lens helps reduce discomfort
while protecting the skin surface from thermal injury during delivery
of the laser light. If large or sensitive areas with unwanted hair
are to be treated, a topical anesthetic cream may be applied to
the site to further reduce discomfort.
Q- What will the treated are look like after
A- Immediately after treatment, the site
will be somewhat swollen, appear slightly red in color, and will
feel like a mild sunburn. This reaction subsides over a few hours,
and then the treated sites usually return to their normal appearance.
The amount of discomfort after this procedure is usually minimal
and does not limit most normal physical activities. Since light
is used to remove the hair, there is no bleeding and no open wound
is created. For this reason, there is no need to apply a bandage
and wound care is generally not required.
Q- How long does the procedure take?
A- Each pulse of laser energy from the LightSheer
Diode System will treat a square area of skin of approximately half
an inch (12mm). For this reason, the amount of time required depends
on the size of the area requiring treatment. For example, the upper
lip and bikini line may require only 5-15 minutes of treatment.
While a longer period of time will be required to treat the back
Q- What is electrolysis?
A- A certified electrologist inserts a tiny
probe into the hair follicle along side the hair and a small amount
of current is delivered to the probe to destroy the hair root either
by heat or chemical reaction. In some methods both are used at the
Q- How long has electrolysis been performed?
A- Electrolysis was first discovered by
Dr. Charles Michel, an opthamologist in 1869 because he wanted a
safe, effective way to permanently remove ingrown eyelashes. He
published his first scientific paper in 1875. From that day until
the present, the same basic technique has been used, only greatly
improved and modernized.
Q- What can I expect during the initial consultation?
A- You will be offered a complimentary,
no obligation evaluation and sample of the actual electrolysis process.
We will fully explain the process and evaluate your needs to determine
the best electrolysis plan for you.
Q- Who can benefit from electrolysis?
A- Both men and women can benefit from electrolysis
at some time in their life. Many people find that ridding themselves
of unwanted hair can give a boost to their self esteem.
Q- How long does electrolysis take to achieve
A- Electrolysis is not an overnight miracle
process. It requires time and patience to overcome a problem that
did not develop miraculously overnight. The overall results of hair-free
skin are well worth the time spent.
Q- What are the causes of hair growth?
A- One of the oldest known facts about unwanted
hair growth is that it appears during normal systematic changes
in a women's life: puberty, pregnancy and menopause. Specifically
during these times, the quantity of androgens in the female body
increase and higher levels of androgens increase hair growth.
Q- What do I do before and after treatment?
A- Before treatment, hairs should be about
1/8 of an inch long. Once you have started treatment, do not wax
or tweeze hairs. Cutting hairs is the best way to treat hairs during
the process. After treatment care is vital to ensure healing. Do
not scratch or pick the area, use soap on the area, go outside or
use a tanning booth for 24 hours after treatment. Cortaid or an
antibiotic lotion are excellent products to use 24 hours after treatment.
If you need to cover redness immediately, we have a colored lotion
available in our office.
Superficial Chemical Peel
Q- What is a Glycolic Peel?
A- A glycolic acid peel treatment is a specific
technique for skin renewal. This procedure removes the damaged layer
of surface skin cells revealing fresh skin, and stimulating cell
rebuilding and restructuring of deeper skin layers.
Q- What is Glycolic Acid?
A- Glycolic Acid is one of the alpha-hydroxyacids
(AHAs), a group of naturally occurring substances often referred
to as "fruit acids" because they are found naturally in
various fruits and other foods. Glycolic acid is found in sugar
cane juice. Leading dermatologists and plastic surgeons world wide
have long appreciated the positive results of AHA treatments. Numerous
clinical publications have demonstrated their benefits in improving
skin appearance and texture. Improvements have been observed in
clients with dry skin, oily and acne-prone skin, and with pigmentation
concerns including age spots and melasma.
Q- What are the benefits of a Superficial Chemical
A- This procedure can help your skin appear
smoother, healthier, plumper and tighter with more even pigmentation.
Q- What should I know about a Chemical Peel?
A- Professional products must be used for
two weeks prior to the initial peel. Products are formulated with
alpha-hydroxyacids (AHAs), polyhydroxy acids (PHAs) and bionic acids
to enhance therapeutic treatments. These products are beneficial
in helping to improve the visible signs of aging, sun damaged skin
Galvanic Current Treatment
Q- What does this process do?
A- This process gently forces a water soluble
acid pH solution into the skin. The ions of electricity from the
positive pole will pass through the product that has been applied
and assure a deeper penetration of the product into the skin.
Q- What are the benefits of this process?
A- A Galvanic Current Treatment cleanses
the skin by softening the keratin and sebum assisting in removing
blackheads and congestion. Your skin will be firmer and more hydrated.
The increased circulation creates a healthier more vibrant glow.
Q- How long has this treatment been used?
A- For more than 50 years spa professionals
have used gentle galvanic currents to revive stressed and dull skin.
Q- What is microdermabrasion?
A- This process is known as the "magic wand"
taking the cosmetic industry by storm. Microdermabrasion introduced
in 1992, improves the skin structure at both the epidermal and dermal
level. The procedure improves the client's looks and gives them
a "glow". The skin is pulled up by suction into contact with a diamond
dust coated wand and abraded as the instrument is moved over the
skin surface. The operator moves the wand over the face, neck, chest
Q- What are the benefits?
A- This is a treatment that can be done
for busy people who don't have a lot of down time for a cosmetic
procedure. The goal is improvement and microdermabrasion reduces
acne scarring, lessens the appearance of large pores, lightens age
spots and softens fine wrinkles. The essence of the technique is
like taking a fine sandpaper and running it across the top of a
piece of wood to remove small imperfections, making it smooth.
Q- How does the procedure feel?
A- The process is not painful, although
some clients experience a slight scratching sensation during the
microdermabrasion. They may feel tingling or minor burning and the
skin may become pink, but those effects usually last about 30 minutes.
Overall, clients are very pleased with their post treatment appearance,
find their skin feels softer and note they need to use less makeup.
Clients are encouraged to use a mild glycolic acid-based cleanser
at home, together with or without a glycolic acid according to their
ability to tolerate this type of product.
Q- How many treatments are needed?
A- This depends on the individual's needs.
We offer a complimentary consultation and demonstration treatment.
When you have five treatments, we offer the sixth treatment complimentary.
We include a soy mask with every treatment. Microdermabrasion does
not provide permanent results. Clients need to return every three
to six months to rejuvenate the particular area they are treating.
Overall, it definitely makes the skin smoother, improves mild pigmentation
problems, reduces pore size, un-roofs comedones and postules and
gives skin a smoother contour.
Q- Can you give me some of the basic rules for
A- 1. Place an instrument from the corner
of the nose and extend it up to the inner corner of the eye. This
where the brow begins.
2. The highest point
of the arch should be to the outside of the pupil.
3. The end of the
eyebrows should extend no lower than the point at the beginning
of the brow.
Q- How can I decide whether I should do electrolysis
or waxing on my eyebrows?
A- We offer a complimentary consultation
and will discuss the specific pros and cons of each method and analyze
your particular brow appearance.
Q- What type of capillaries are best treated with the Bono Blend technique?
A- Tiny vessels on the face, neck and upper chest respond best to our method.
Q- What type of after care is advised?
A- After treatment care is critical for success. Nothing must be done to open the coagulated blood vessel segments. Anything that increases the blood flow or stretches the skin must be avoided for 24 hours. Do not stretch the skin, sunbathe, wash face, take a sauna or apply makeup for 24 hours following treatment.
Q- What are causes of dilated capillaries?
A- Some non-medical causes of dilated capillaries are: sun exposure, cold exposure, trauma to the skin and heredity.
Waxing is a temporary method for removing unwanted hair, It gives a smoother feel than shaving an area. Waxing is accomplished by spreading a wax combination thinly on the skin and removing all hair on the surface. Waxing can be paired with laser hair removal in some instance.
Q - How long should the hair be before waxing can be accomplished?
A - It needs to be at least 1/4 of an inch to adhere to the wax for removal.
Q - Are there contradictions with having a wax treatment.
A - Some of the contraindications would be diabetes, varicose veins, sunburn and taking certain medications. We screen every individual carefully before a wax treatment.
Q - How soon before a vacation should I have a wax?
A - It is best to wax two days prior to leaving for your vacation.
Q - How often do a need a wax treatments?
A - It depends on the area. Body areas are usually 8 weeks apart while the facial area could be 4 - 6 weeks apart.
Q - Why is a professional skin treatment necessary?
A - Proper skin care treatments can help delay the natural aging of the skin and prevent skin care problems. A professional skin treatment along with consistent home care will help protect your skin to keep it healthy and glowing for years to come.
Q - What is face mapping?
A - Every individual has an initial consult using face mapping. The analysis breaks down the skin into 14 individual zones so that your condition can be effectively treated. The Skin Therapist can accurately prescribe a regimen to effectively treat all areas of skin. We customize each treatment for the individual skin condition.
Q - How do I know I truly will get results?
A - It has been scientifically proven that topically-applied vitamins do improve the health of the skin. Vitamin A helps inhibit collagen breakdown while stimulating collagen production for more plump-looking skin. Vitamin B6 aids in wound healing and Vitamin E is an antioxident that provides barrier protection while smoothing skin.
Q - I believe I have sensitive skin, how can I treat it?
A - Up to 90% of the population perceives their skin is sensitive. There is sensitive skin and sensitized skin. Come in for a face mapping to determine which condition you have and how to treat it. Essential oils of Lavender, Sandalwood and Eucalyptus are ideal for hydrating and healing sensitized skin.
Q - How can I treat dehydrated skin?
A - An effective treatment for dry skin will include exfoliation to help prep the skin to receive nourishing ingredients, the use of emollients and hydrators to replenish skin and vitamins to help smooth skin, stimulate collagen production and increase skinʼs natural protective barrier. Its also important to note that Dermalogica products are free of the following ingredients known for increasing skin dryness as well as skin sensitivity:
Mineral Oil (skin sensitivity and congestion)
Lanolin (skin sensitivity and congestion)
PABA (found in sunscreen)